A statue of the ancient Egyptian surprised researchers after “changing” the understanding of the pharaohs Science | News

The Egyptologist discusses the discovery of “surprise” hieroglyphics.

Archaeologists, historians and other researchers have spilled over relics discovered throughout Egypt. The country has one of the longest and most well-recorded histories in the world. William Matthew Flinders Petrie, the British archaeologist and Egyptologist, made valuable contributions to field excavation techniques and methods in Egypt in the late 19th century.

He invented a method that made it possible to reconstruct history from the remains of ancient cultures.

One of his largest and most revered finds occurred in 1884 during the excavation of the Temple of Tanis, where he found fragments of a colossal statue of Ramses II.

Ramses was a great pharaoh, who is often considered the most famous and powerful leader of the New Kingdom, a period that was in itself the most powerful era in Ancient Egypt.

In March 2017, a team of researchers was conducting excavations in a neighborhood northeast of Cairo, the territory formerly inhabited by Ramses.

Ancient Egypt: the statue

Ancient Egypt: the statue “changed” the understanding of the pharaohs and Egyptian history by researchers (Image: Youtube / Smithsonian Channel / GETTY)

William Matthew Flinders Petrie: The British archaeologist and Egyptologist made vital contributions

William Matthew Flinders Petrie: The British archaeologist and Egyptologist made vital contributions (Image: GETTY)

Archaeologists were nearing the end of their five-year excavation, and had already found countless relics from the time of Ramses, including a 3,000-year-old temple built by Pharaoh himself.

Just as things were coming to an end, excavators at the far end of the site called the co-director of the excavations, Dr. Dietrich Raue.

What was discovered beneath the concrete was explored during the Smithsonian Channel’s documentary, ‘Secrets: The Pharaoh in the Suburbs’.

Workers took off the sidewalk and discovered a stone structure, soon realizing they were on top of a giant chest.

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Ramses II: He was considered one of the greatest Egyptian pharaohs of the New Kingdom

Ramses II: He was considered one of the greatest Egyptian pharaohs of the New Kingdom (Image: GETTY)

A large torso revealed before a head was pulled from the deep groundwater, the entire statue was buried face down.

It was made of quartzite, one of the most prized materials of the ancient era and an indicator of the importance of structure.

The narrator of the documentary noted, “Archaeologists realized they had just made the discovery of a lifetime: the giant statue of a pharaoh.”

Initially he expected the statue to be Ramses: its size and quartzite carving indicated that it belonged to one of the large ones.

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Psamtik I: Outside of Egyptology Psamtik is relatively unknown

Psamtik I: Outside of Egyptology Psamtik is relatively unknown (Image: Youtube / Smithsonian Channel)

Ancient statues: The structure was found in large fragments

Ancient statues: The structure was found in large fragments (Image: Youtube / Smithsonian Channel)

A series of hieroglyphics were somehow preserved next to the statue and revealed the identity of the structure, belonging to a relatively unknown pharaoh, Psamtik I.

During the reign of Psamtik, it was believed that Egypt spent its glory days.

Economic and political uncertainty ensued and deprived the once powerful kingdom of its claim to fame.

However, Dr. Chris Naunton, an Egyptologist who spoke during the documentary, explained that the statue completely changed the understanding of Egyptologists of that period and, by extension, of the pharaohs.

Sites of Ancient Egypt: They mapped some of the most iconic sites of Ancient Egypt

Sites of Ancient Egypt: They mapped some of the most iconic sites of Ancient Egypt (Image: Express Newspapers)

He said, “These were no longer the days of glory.

“Egypt was not as rich as it had been, it did not control the same territory, it did not have the same empire.

“Until now we thought Pharaoh didn’t really have the means to build statues on this scale.

“But this statue changes all that.”

Ancient historians do not seem to give much coverage to Psamtik, with few and distant accounts.

Hieroglyphics: Sculptures on the side of the statue reveal Psamtik as the rightful owner

Hieroglyphics: Sculptures on the side of the statue reveal Psamtik as the rightful owner (Image: Youtube / Smithsonian Channel)

He ruled Egypt for 54 years from 664 BC

According to the ancient Greek historian Herodotus, Psamtik was one of the 12 co-rulers and enlisted the help of Greek mercenaries to become the sole ruler of Egypt.

Its giant statue was carved in the old classic style of the year 2000 a. C., in an attempt to establish a resurgence of the greatness and prosperity of the ancient classical period.

His condition indicated that at some point he had been destroyed.

Dr. Raue believes it was dismantled under imperial Rome by the early Christinas or by Muslim rulers in the 10th or 11th centuries who may have reused the material for the fortifications of Cairo.



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